The European chemical industry faces multiple pressures for emissions reduction, disadvantage in feedstock cost to other regions, and partially stagnating markets.
CO and CO2 represent alternative, abundant and valuable sources of carbon which can be a suitable raw material. Their utilization has the potential to contribute significantly to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and thereby unwanted climate change effects. In addition, the utilisation of CO and CO2 as a feedstock by the European process industry to produce materials and chemicals can become a key solution to reduce the EU dependence on imports of fossil resources providing a secure supply of carbon feedstock while contributing to the EU emission reductions commitments.
Acknowledging the EU fossil resources dependency and climate change challenge, in 2015, the EU launched the SPIRE-08-2017, “Carbon dioxide utilisation to produce added value chemicals” call for action, as part of the Horizon 2020 programme. The aim of the call has been to support innovative chemical processes to produce added value chemicals from CO and CO2 and demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility in an industrially relevant environment.
Carbon4PUR research and innovation project addresses the scope of this topic.